Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second
largest freshwater in the world. It is about 68,800 sq. km.
Located in the
North of Tanzania,
the lake is shared by 3 other East African countries of
Kenya, Uganda and
more than half of the lake lies within Tanzanian territory.
It is considered to be the source of River Nile that run
through Uganda, Sudan, Egypt and pour its water in
Mediterranean Sea. Near Mwanza and Musoma,
there are countless small and large islands, which some of
them turned to be wildlife sanctuary (Saanane Island) and
National park (Rubondo Island).
around the lake are of high importance to the country’s
economy. A large percentage of coffee is farmed in Kagera,
large percentage of cotton production and hides come from
and Mara. Gold is mined in Geita and Ulyankuru Shinyanga and
Diamond in Mwadui Shinyanga (just south of
itself is the source of protein and income to local people,
main activities being fishing and tourism.
ferry boats providing transport services to different part
of the lake, from Mwanza to Bukoba.
ports on the lake are Kisumu, Mwanza, Bukoba, Entebbe, Port
Bell and Jinja.
Bird-watching and fishing trips make popular excursions in
the Lake Victoria, or visiting Rubondo Island by boat for