Owing to the dense forest, ridges and gorges, well established
routes are used to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. Several routes start
from the lower slopes and join with some other routes on the upper
parts of the mountain. Main routes are: Marangu, Machame,
Shira/Londorossi, Western Breach, Rongai and Umbwe.
Marangu Route: This is the easiest route, likely for old and non
mountaineers; it is characterized by the different zones of
vegetation. It is commonly used by most trekkers because it is
straightforward. Trekking takes about 5 days to descend and serviced
with huts for accommodation.
Machame Route: This is the route for experienced trekkers, it is
dominated by the range of landscape and varied vegetation. The route
takes up to 6 days to descend and serviced with campsites for
Umbwe Route: This is the route to follow if you are fit and trekking
is your hobby. The route has steep slope and going straight to the
Peak, but meet with trekkers from Machame and serviced with
campsites for accommodation.
Mweka Route: This is the straightest route, that is why it is used
for descending only for the people who used Machame, Umbwe and Shira
Shira route: through Shira plateau from Londorossi Gate, is the most
fascinating and scenic route in Kilimanjaro Mountain, providing
great views of the Great Rift Valley, Mt Meru and Longido. It
involves drive to high altitude on the first day
Technical Routes: There are two routes in the western part of the
mountain: Breach and Lemosho, which requires a little bit of
expertise in trekking.
Western Breach Route: This is for experienced mountaineering. It is
regarded to be the shortest through Shire Plateau, the glaciers, and Kili's dormant volcanic crater, and takes one to two days to the top
with tough walk up steep scree and some easy rock scrambling.
Lemosho Route: This is also the same as Breach Route, though
changing at Barranco; it has steep scree leads to Stella Point, half
way between Uhuru Peak and Gillman’s Point, this route pass through
Shire Ridge, which allows acclimatization.
Other routes include:
Rongai and Loitokitok, which are less used,
since they are on the eastern side of the mountain and takes about
hours drive from Marangu Gate to the starting point (in a road, which
is now under construction).