Tanzania climate is generally
tropical in most areas while template climate is experienced in the
There are two rain seasons throughout the country: the long
season from mid-March through May, the short rain season falls
during November, December and January. The coolest months are from June
to October, and the warmest are November, December to March.
The climate along the coast:
Dar-Es-Salaam, Lindi, Mtwara, and
Tanga, and the off-shore
Unguja is tropical with relatively
high humidity. The average temperature, which is moderated by the sea
breeze, especially on the islands, ranges between 27 and 29șC.
In the Central, Northern and Western:
Kigoma, Shinyanga and Tabora, the climate is modified by highland
plateau; low humidity with temperatures ranging between 20
and 27șC during the cooler months of June through August. The
temperature can reach as high as 30șC and higher
between the months of December and March.
Northeast and Southwest:
In the mountainous areas of the
Kilimanjaro and Mara region, and
Mbeya, Rukwa, Iringa and
Ruvuma, and Makonde Plateau (Newalla, Masasi,
Nachingwea and Tunduru) , the temperature occasionally drops below 15șC
at night during the months of June and July. In the area around Rungwe
mountains the temperature can reach as low as 8 or 6șC.
A large part of central regions (Dodoma and Singida) is
semi-arid, receiving less than 500mm of rain annually. In contrast, the
mountainous area in the north-east and south-west receive over 2000mm.
of rain annually. Along the coast
(Dar es Salaam,
Tanga, Lindi, Mtwara and Coastal Region)
rainfall ranges between 1000 and 1900mm.